Amritsar….

1919 saw the ongoing struggle in India, trying to free itself from the shackles of Great Britain…

It was in the Holy City of Amritsar,  that saw the arrests, of the leaders of the Indian Nationalist, which lead to a mob going on a deadly rampage in the Holy City of Amritsar in April 1919,…

When you consider nigh on a million Indians fought for Britain in the First World War, with the deaths of over fifty thousand of them, Indian bicycle troops Somme 1916 IWM Q 3983.jpgGreat Britain became under ever increasing pressure for Indian to be given her independence, so when in April 1919 the Indian Nationalist leaders in the Sikh holy city of Amritsar was arrested, the riots that ensued left several Europeans dead, including an English female missionary, whilst looting the local public buildings and banks…

Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer & his assortment of British and Indian troops under his command were issued with orders to restore law & order, so one of the first thing he done was ban all public meetings, with immediate effect & this would be met with force if ignored…
This in turn was ignored by the locals, who gathered in there thousands, in a wall enclosure at  Jallianwala Bagh, near the city of Amritsar’s Golden Temple, which is    sacred to all Sikhs… it was in this walled enclosure, Brigadier-General Dyer who along with  ninety Indian & Gurkha soldiers, entered the  enclosure & with little or no warning started to fire indiscriminately  into the crowd, killing around 400 people and leaving many hundreds wounded, after fifteen minutes or so Brigadier-General Dyer ordered the withdrawal of his men, leaving behind the dead, dying & wounded, with one other humiliating order being issued to the Indian people, that all the Indians who wished to travel the street where the missionary women was attacked had to do so on their hands and knees…

Although the Governor of the Punjab, Sir Michael O’Dwyer, praised Brigadier-General Dyer, the news of the massacre was met with disdain in London, Winston Churchill  speaking in the House of Commons, strongly condemned the actions as an extraordinary event… which prompted an enquiry headed by a Scottish judge Lord Hunter, with the outcome that Brigadier-General Dyer  was forced to resign from the Indian Army, & passed away a few years later in 1927…
In a final twist to the tail, one of those injured at Amritsar was a Sikh called Udham Singh, Image result for udham singhwho would be hung in 1940, for the assassination in London of Sir Michael O’Dwyer, the former Governor of the Punjab, & who he blamed for the massacre…

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